How to Grow Spinach in Your Garden. Spinach is a resilient, cool-weather crop. The vitamins A, B, and C as well as potassium, magnesium, iron, calcium, and a host of other nutrients are all abundant in this leafy green superfood. Spinach leaves are excellent as salad greens or for cooking. It’s simple to grow spinach, which is an excellent companion plant for tomatoes, peppers, onions, cabbage, and radishes.
How to Grow Spinach in Your Garden
What Is Spinach?
Central and western Asia is where spinach first appeared. It is a rather hardy plant, able to withstand mild winters. In fact, spinach tastes best in the early spring, which makes it popular in various cuisines around the world as it is frequently the first vegetable available after a long winter.
How to Grow Spinach:
Planting spinach in the early spring or, in some climates, the fall is an easy and hard process. This cool-season crop needs a lot of nitrogen and a temperature range of 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit to produce dark green leaves.
- Soil Preparation. Loosen the dirt approximately a foot deep to prepare it (to make room for the taproot). The soil must have good drainage and be high in nitrogen. Spinach seeds should not be started indoors since their delicate roots make them unsuitable for transplanting; instead, they should be sown directly into the garden soil outside.
- Sow the seeds. Plant spinach seeds in your garden between half and an inch deep, and then lightly cover them with dirt (another half inch). Plant your spinach where it can receive some shade if you live in a warmer area to keep the soil moist and avoid bolting.
- Only fertilise when necessary. If your soil’s pH isn’t right, fertiliser can keep your spinach from withering and should be utilised (6.5 to 7.0). Depending on the fertiliser you choose, fertilise your spinach every two to three weeks if necessary.
- Mulch. To keep weeds at bay and the soil moist, lightly mulch with grass clippings or straw, taking care not to smother the plant.
- Leaf thinning. The growth of the spinach may be hampered by crowding. To avoid overcrowding, thin spinach seedlings when they have sprouted two inches (at least two genuine leaves). This spacing should be between four and six inches.
- Check for pests or crop detriments. Your spinach crop may suffer from downy mildew and leaf mining. To help prevent leaf miners away from spinach, you can plant companion plants nearby, such as radishes. Aphids, cucumber beetles, and leafhoppers can spread other illnesses like blight and the mosaic virus. The best course of action is to take the necessary precautions to keep your crop free of these diseases before they affect it. This can be done by purchasing disease-resistant plant varieties, removing all of the afflicted plants from your garden (do not compost sick plants), or using companion planting to introduce natural defences and beneficial insects that eat the pests.
How to Harvest Spinach:
The growing period for spinach plants is roughly six to eight weeks, however, because their roots are delicate, picking should be done carefully. Individual leaves can be removed or clipped, or the entire plant might be harvested at once.
If picking, take the plant’s outer leaves off every few weeks and wait till the interior leaves are fully developed before taking those as well (unless you want young spinach, where the leaves are more tender). Cut the spinach plant at the base if you would rather harvest the entire plant. Regardless of your liking, don’t let the spinach harvest go on for too long; the larger the leaves are, the more bitter they taste.